Operation Detachment: 19 February – 26 March 1945
The Battle of Iwo Jima was a major battle in which the United States Armed Forces fought for and captured the island of Iwo Jima from the Japanese Empire. The American invasion had the goal of capturing the entire island, including its three airfields (including South Field and Central Field), to provide a staging area for attacks on the Japanese main islands.
This five-week battle comprised some of the fiercest and bloodiest fighting of the War in the Pacific of World War II included
the 5th Marine Amphibious Corps (consisting of the 3rd, 4th, and 5th Marine Divisions) landed on Iwo Jima (Sulphur Island).
When the battle was over, 6821 American Marines, Sailors, and Soldiers , along with an estimated 20,000+ Japanese defenders had died. This was Americas first landing on what was considered traditional Japanese territory.
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"For those who served on Iwo Jima, uncommon valor was a common virtue." - Chester W Nimitz
During WWII, there were 81 Marines and 57 Navy Medal of Honor recipients. During the assault on Iwo Jima,
22 Marines and 5 Sailors received the Congressional Medals of Honor for their actions.